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Albania

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Introduction:

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939 and occupied by Germany in 1943. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents.

Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. Most of Albania's post-communist elections were marred by claims of electoral fraud; however, international observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and in June 2014 became a candidate for EU accession. Albania in April 2017 received a European Commission recommendation to open EU accession negotiations. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, it has slowed, and the country is still one of the poorest in Europe. A large informal economy and a weak energy and transportation infrastructure remain obstacles.

 

Albania
Flag

Albania
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
3,057,220 (July 2018 est.
)
Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 28,748 sq km
Government: Parliamentary Democracy
Capital:
Tirana (Tirane)

Country Code:
.al
Airports:
4 (2013)

Websites

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Albania
Locater

Albania Map
Map

Astronaut Image

ALBANIA 
ALBANIA
Mission/Frame: ISS023-E-5958
Spacecraft Altitude: 181 nautical miles (335 km)
Features:
LEZHE, DURRES, TIRANE, ULCINJ, SHKODER, COAST

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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