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Azerbaijan

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Introduction:

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily ethnic Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous republic within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the territory's status.

Armenia and Azerbaijan reignited their dispute over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated militarily after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The Osce Minsk Group, co-chaired by the US, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict.

In the 25 years following its independence, Azerbaijan succeeded in significantly reducing the poverty rate and has directed revenues from its oil and gas production to significant development of the country’s infrastructure. However, corruption in the country is widespread, and the government has been accused of authoritarianism. The country’s leadership has remained in the Aliyev family since Heydar Aliyev became president in 1993 and was succeeded by his son, President Ilham Aliyev in 2003. Following two national referendums in the past several years that eliminated presidential term limits and extended presidential terms from 5 to 7 years, President Aliyev secured a fourth term as president in April 2018 in elections that international observers noted had serious shortcomings.

Reforms to diversify the country’s non-oil economy remain dependent on subsidies from oil and gas revenues, while other reforms have not adequately addressed weaknesses in most government institutions, particularly in the education and health sectors, as well as the court system.

 

Azerbaijan Flag
Flag

Azerbaijan Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
10,046,516 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Middle East
Area:
total= 86,600 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Baku (Baki, Baky)

Internet Code:
.az

Airports:
37 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Azerbaijan Locaters
Locater

Azerbaijan Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image 
AZERBAIJAN
Mission/Frame: ISS023-E-52063
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Features: BAKU, YASAMAL

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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