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Bahrain

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Introduction:

In 1783, the Sunni Al-Khalifa family took power in Bahrain. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a series of treaties with the UK during the 19th century that made Bahrain a British protectorate. The archipelago attained its independence in 1971.

A steady decline in oil production and reserves since 1970 prompted Bahrain to take steps to diversify its economy, in the process developing petroleum processing and refining, aluminum production, and hospitality and retail sectors. It has also endeavored to become a leading regional banking center, especially with respect to Islamic finance. Bahrain's small size, central location among Gulf countries, economic dependence on Saudi Arabia, and proximity to Iran require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Its foreign policy activities usually fall in line with Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

The Sunni royal family has long struggled to manage relations with its large Shia-majority population. In early 2011, amid Arab uprisings elsewhere in the region, the Bahraini Government confronted similar pro-democracy and reform protests at home with police and military action, including deploying Gulf Cooperation Council security forces to Bahrain. Political talks throughout 2014 between the government and opposition and loyalist political groups failed to reach an agreement, prompting opposition political societies to boycott legislative and municipal council elections in late 2014. Ongoing dissatisfaction with the political status quo continues to factor into sporadic clashes between demonstrators and security forces..

 

Bahrain Flag
Flag

Bahrain Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
1,442,659 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Middle East
Area:
total= 760 sq km

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Manama

Internet Code:
.bh

Airports:
4 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Bahrain Locater
Locater

Bahrain Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image 
BAHRAIN
Mission/Frame: ISS023-E-41954
Spacecraft Altitude: 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Features:
MANAMA, QULAY'AH BAY, HARBOR, ISLANDS, BRIDGES, URBAN AREA, SHOALS

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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