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Bhutan

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Introduction:

Following Britain’s victory in the 1865 Duar War, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding land to British India. Ugyen Wangchuck - who had served as the de facto ruler of an increasingly unified Bhutan and had improved relations with the British toward the end of the 19th century - was named king in 1907. Three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs.

Bhutan negotiated a similar arrangement with independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan a small piece of the territory annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. Under a succession of modernizing monarchs beginning in the 1950s, Bhutan joined the UN in 1971 and slowly continued its engagement beyond its borders.

 

Bhutan Flag
Flag

Bhutan Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
766,397 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Asia
Area:
total= 38,394 sq km

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Thimphu

Internet Code:
.bt

Airports:
2 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Bhutan Locater
Locater

Bhutan Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image 
BHUTAN
Mission/Frame: ISS023-E-5211
Spacecraft Altitude: 183 nautical miles (339 km)
Features: WONG CHUU RIVER VALLEY, THIMPHU, FOR., AGR., ROADS, SEMTOKHA

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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