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Bolivia

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Introduction:

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon Bolivar, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of coups and countercoups, with the last coup occurring in 1978. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production.

In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo Morales president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor, indigenous majority. In December 2009 and October 2014, President Morales easily won reelection. His party maintained control of the legislative branch of the government, which has allowed him to continue his process of change.

In February 2016, Morales narrowly lost a referendum to approve a constitutional amendment that would have allowed him to compete in the 2019 presidential election. Despite the loss, Morales has already been chosen by his party to run again in 2019, via a still-undetermined method for him to appear on the ballot.

 

Bolivia Flag
Flag

Bolivia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
11,306,341 (July 2018 est.
)
Map Reference:
South America
Area:
total= 1,098,581 sq km

Government:
Republic; note - the new constitution defines Bolivia as a "Social Unitarian State"
Capital:
La Paz

Internet Code:
.bo

Airports:
855 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Bolivia Locater
Locater

Bolivia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image 
BOLIVIA
Mission/Frame: ISS009-E-14093
Spacecraft Altitude: 197 nautical miles (365 km)
Features: LA PAZ, AIRPORT, AGRI., LAKES

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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