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Burma

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Introduction:

Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city-states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a period of 62 years (1824-1886), Britain conquered Burma and incorporated the country into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; in 1948, Burma attained independence from the British Commonwealth.

Gen. Ne Win dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In response to widespread civil unrest, Ne Win resigned in 1988, but within months the military crushed student-led protests and took power.

In August 2017, members of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a Rohingya militant group, attacked security forces in northern Rakhine State, leading to a disproportionate response by Burmese security forces and local vigilantes that resulted in an unknown number of deaths and over 671,000 Rohingya fleeing to neighboring Bangladesh as refugees. This refugee outflow followed a smaller scale displacement of Rohingya to Bangladesh after similar ARSA attacks in October 2016.

The UN has called for Burma to allow access to a Fact Finding Mission to investigate reports of human rights violations and abuses and to work with Bangladesh to facilitate repatriation of Rohingya refugees. Burma rejected charges of ethnic cleansing and has chosen not to work with the UN Fact Finding Mission. In March 2018, President Htin Kyaw announced his voluntary retirement; parliamentarian Win Myint won a snap election to become president.

 

Burma Flag
Flag

Burma Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
55,622,506 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total= 676,578 sq km

Government:
Parliamentary Government
Capital:
Rangoon (Yangon)

Internet Code:
.mm

Airports:
64 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Burma Locater
Locater

Burma Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
BURMA
Mission/Frame: ISS004-E-7729
Spacecraft Altitude: 208 nautical miles (385 km)
Features:
RANGOON, RANGOON RIVER, AGR.

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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