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Chile

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while an indigenous people, the Mapuche, inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, it did not achieve decisive victory over the Spanish until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia to win its present northern regions. In the 1880s, the Chilean central government gained control over the central and southern regions inhabited by the Mapuche.

After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador Allende was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet, who ruled until a democratically-elected president was inaugurated in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government.

Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.

 

Chile Flag
Flag

Chile Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
17,925,262 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
South America
Area:
total= 756,102 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Santiago

Internet Code:
.cl

Airports:
481 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Chile Locater
Locater

Chile Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
CHILE
Mission/Frame: ISS004-E-6990
Spacecraft Altitude: 212 nautical miles (393 km)
Features:
SANTIAGO

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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