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China

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Introduction:

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communist Party of China under Mao Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.

After 1978, Mao's successor Deng Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically but political controls remain tight.

Since the early 1990s, China has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

 

China Flag
Flag

China Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
1,384,688,986 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Asia
Area:
total= 9,596,961 sq km

Government:
Communist state
Capital:
Beijing

Internet Code:
.cn

Airports:
507 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

China Locater
Locater

China Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
CHINA
Mission/Frame: ISS005-E-18393
Spacecraft Altitude: 205 nautical miles (380 km)
Features:
BEIJING, CENTRAL CITY DISTRICT

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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