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Comoros

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Introduction:

The archipelago of the Comoros in the Indian Ocean, composed of the islands of Mayotte, Anjouan, Moheli, and Grand Comore declared independence from France on 6 July 1975. France did not recognize the independence of Mayotte, which remains under French administration. Since independence, Comoros has endured political instability through realized and attempted coups. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros.

In 1999, military chief Col. Azali Assoumani seized power of the entire government in a bloodless coup; he initiated the 2000 Fomboni Accords, a power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. Azali won the 2002 federal presidential election as president of the Union of the Comoros from Grand Comore Island, which held the first four-year term. Azali stepped down in 2006 and President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi was elected to office as president from Anjouan. In 2007, Mohamed Bacar effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union of the Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July.

The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade to Anjouan, but in March 2008 the AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The island's inhabitants generally welcomed the move. In 2009, the Comorian population approved a constitutional referendum extending the term of the president from four years to five years.

In May 2011, Ikililou Dhoinine won the presidency in peaceful elections widely deemed to be free and fair. In closely contested elections in 2016, former President Azali Assoumani won a second term, when the rotating presidency returned to Grande Comore.

 

Comoros Flag
Flag

Comoros Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
821,164 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 2,235 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Moroni

Internet Code:
.km

Airports:
4 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Comoros Locater
Locater

Comoros Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
COMOROS
Mission/Frame: ISS021-E-5423
Spacecraft Altitude: 184 nautical miles (341 km)
Features:
GRANDE COMORE I., KARTHALA VOL., MORONI

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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