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Costa Rica

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Introduction:

Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands.

The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. On 1 December 1948, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces.

Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

 

Costa Rica Flag
Flag

Costa Rica Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
4,987,142 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
total= 51,100 sq km

Government:
Democratic Republic
Capital:
San Jose

Internet Code:
.cr

Airports:
161 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Costa Rica Locater
Locater

Costa Rica Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
COSTA RICA
Mission/Frame: ISS014-E-17737
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Features:
S. SAN JOSE, AGR., ROADS

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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