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Fiji

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Introduction:

Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority.

A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase. Reelected in May 2006, Qarase was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister.

Following years of political turmoil, long-delayed legislative elections were held in September 2014 that were deemed "credible" by international observers and that resulted in Bainimarama being reelected.

 

Fiji Flag
Flag

Fiji Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
926,276 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Oceania
Area:
total= 18,274 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Suva (on Viti Levu)

Internet Code:
.fj

Airports:
28 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Fiji Locater
Locater

Fiji Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
FIJI
Mission/Frame: ISS002-700-50
Spacecraft Altitude: 206 nautical miles (382 km)
Features:
SUVA, LAUTHALA BAY

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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