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Gambia, The

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Introduction:

The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived Confederation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, although tensions flared up intermittently during the regime of Yahya Jammeh. Jammeh led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity.

A new constitution and presidential election in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. Jammeh was elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011. After 22 years of increasingly authoritarian rule, President Jammeh was defeated in free and fair elections in December 2016.

Due to The Gambia’s poor human rights record under Jammeh, international development partners had distanced themselves, and substantially reduced aid to the country. These channels are now reopening under the administration of President Adama Barrow, who took office in January 2017.

 

The Gambia Flag
Flag

The Gambia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
2,092,731 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 11,295 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Banjul

Internet Code:
.gm

Airports:
1 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

The Gambia Locater
Locater

The Gambia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
THE GAMBIA
Mission/Frame: ISS026-E-7205
Spacecraft Altitude: 191 nautical miles (354 km)
Features:
GAMBIA R. EST., BANJUL, ATLANTIC O. COAST, GLINT, MANGROVE, FOR., DRAINAGE

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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