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Indonesia

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Introduction:

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President Soekarno declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy."

After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, Soekarno was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1998, President Suharto ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After street protests toppled Suharto in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation.

Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance.

In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

 

Indonesia Flag
Flag

Indonesia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
262,787,403 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total= 1,904,569 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Jakarta

Internet Code:
.id

Airports:
673 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Indonesia Locater
Locater

Indonesia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
INDONESIA
Mission/Frame: ISS026-E-24898
Spacecraft Altitude: 190 nautical miles (352 km)
Features:
JAKARTA AT NIGHT

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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