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Johnston Atoll

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Both the US and the Kingdom of Hawaii annexed Johnston Atoll in 1858, but it was the US that mined the guano deposits until the late 1880s. Johnston and Sand Islands were designated wildlife refuges in 1926. The US Navy took over the atoll in 1934. Subsequently, the US Air Force assumed control in 1948. The site was used for high-altitude nuclear tests in the 1950s and 1960s.

Until late in 2000 the atoll was maintained as a storage and disposal site for chemical weapons. Munitions destruction, cleanup, and closure of the facility were completed by May 2005. The Fish and Wildlife Service and the US Air Force are currently discussing future management options; in the interim, Johnston Atoll and the three-mile Naval Defensive Sea around it remain under the jurisdiction and administrative control of the US Air Force.

 

Johnston Atoll Flag
Flag

N/A
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
0

Map Reference:
Oceania
Area:
total= 2.63 sq km

Government:
N/A (unincorporated territory of the US)
Capital:
N/A

Internet Code:
N/A

Airports:
1 (from previous military operations)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Johnston Atoll Locater
Locater

Johnston Atoll Map
Map

Astronaut Image
N/A

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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