How Many Countries In The World?

World Globe

South Korea

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK).

During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the Peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. Park Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea.

South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general Roh Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, Kim Young-sam (1993-98) became the first civilian president of South Korea's new democratic era. President Kim Dae-jung (1998-2003) won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his contributions to South Korean democracy and his "Sunshine" policy of engagement with North Korea. President Park Geun-hye, daughter of former ROK President Park Chung-hee, took office in February 2013 as South Korea's first female leader.

In December 2016, the National Assembly passed an impeachment motion against President Park over her alleged involvement in a corruption and influence-peddling scandal, immediately suspending her presidential authorities. The impeachment was upheld in March 2017, triggering an early presidential election in May 2017 won by Moon Jae-in. South Korea hosted the Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in February 2018, in which North Korea also participated. Discord with North Korea has permeated inter-Korean relations for much of the past decade, highlighted by the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in 2010, the exchange of artillery fire across the DMZ in 2015, and multiple nuclear and missile tests in 2016 and 2017.

North Korea’s participation in the Winter Olympics, dispatch of a senior delegation to Seoul, and the planned April 27 inter-Korean summit at Panmunjom – the first in 11 years and the first-ever to be held at the inter-Korean border – appear to have ushered in a temporary period of respite.

 

South Korea Flag
Flag

South Korea Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
51,418,097 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Asia
Area:
total= 99,720 sq km
Government:
Republic
Capital:
Seoul

Internet Code:
.kr

Airports:
111 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

South Korea Locater
Locater

South Korea Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SOUTH KOREA
Mission/Frame: ISS018-E-6745
Spacecraft Altitude: 189 nautical miles (350 km)
Features:
HAN RIVER, SEOUL, ROADS, BRIDGES

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

Contact Us           About Us          Copyright 2018          SiteMap          Terms and Conditions