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Malaysia

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Introduction:

During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula except Singapore formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957.

Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore, as well as Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo, joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's independence were marred by a communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's withdrawal in 1965.

During the 22-year term of Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to the development of manufacturing, services, and tourism. Prime Minister Mahathir and a newly-formed coalition of opposition parties defeated Prime Minister Mohamed Najib bin Abdul Razak in May 2018, ending over 60 years of uninterrupted rule by Najib’s party.

 

Malaysia Flag
Flag

Malaysia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
31,809,660 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total= 329,847 sq km

Government:
Monarchy
Capital:
Kuala Lumpur

Internet Code:
.my

Airports:
114 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Malaysia Locater
Locater

Malaysia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
MALAYSIA
Mission/Frame: ISS023-E-23391
Spacecraft Altitude: 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Features:
KUALA LUMPUR, ROADS

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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