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Mauritius

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Introduction:

Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van Nassau - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane.

The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968.

A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.

 

Mauritius Flag
Flag

Mauritius Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
1,364,283 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 2,040 sq km

Government:
Parliamentary Democracy
Capital:
Port Louis

Internet Code:
.mu

Airports:
5 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Mauritius Locater
Locater

Mauritius Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
MAURITIUS
Mission/Frame: ISS020-E-13011
Spacecraft Altitude: 188 nautical miles (348 km)
Features:
PORT LOUIS-BEAU BASSIN-VACOAS AREA, NW. COAST, AGR., REEFS

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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