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Norway

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav Tryggvason in 994; conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries.

In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence.

Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, Norway abandoned neutrality and became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes.

In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

 

Norway Flag
Flag

Norway Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
5,372,191 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 323,802 sq km

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Oslo

Internet Code:
.no

Airports:
95 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Norway Locater
Locater

Norway Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
NORWAY
Mission/Frame: STS036-79-35
Spacecraft Altitude: 125 nautical miles (231 km)
Features:
OSLO

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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