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Oman

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Introduction:

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered from Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, the nascent sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, although the sultanate never became a British colony.

 In 1970, Qaboos bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and has since ruled as sultan, but he has not designated a successor. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world, while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK and US. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with its neighbors and to avoid external entanglements.

Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, some Omanis staged demonstrations, calling for more jobs and economic benefits and an end to corruption. In response to those protester demands, Qaboos in 2011 pledged to implement economic and political reforms, such as granting legislative and regulatory powers to the Majlis al-Shura and increasing unemployment benefits. Additionally, in August 2012, the Sultan announced a royal directive mandating the speedy implementation of a national job creation plan for thousands of public and private sector Omani jobs.

This initiative took on new urgency in December 2017, when Qaboos instructed the government to create 25,000 new jobs in the public and private sectors for Omanis. As part of the government's efforts to decentralize authority and allow greater citizen participation in local governance, Oman successfully conducted its first municipal council elections in December 2012. Announced by the Sultan in 2011, the municipal councils have the power to advise the Royal Court on the needs of local districts across Oman's 11 governorates. The Sultan returned to Oman in March 2015 after eight months in Germany, where he received medical treatment.

 

Oman Flag
Flag

Oman Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
4,613,241 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Middle East
Area:
total= 309,500 sq km

Government:
Monarchy
Capital:
Muscat

Internet Code:
.om

Airports:
132 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Oman Locater
Locater

Oman Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
OMAN
Mission/Frame: ISS025-E-5341
Spacecraft Altitude: 191 nautical miles (354 km)
Features:
C. AL KHAYRAN, MTS., WADIS, MUSCAT, WADI KABIR, AL BUSTAN

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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