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Romania

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania.

The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king.

The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. Ceausescu was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power.

Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

 

Romania Flag
Flag

Romania Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
21,457,116 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 238,391 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Bucharest

Internet Code:
.ro

Airports:
45 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Romania Locater
Locater

Romania Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
ROMANIA
Mission/Frame: ISS020-E-31654
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Features:
BUCHAREST, CITY CENTER

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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