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Sao Tome & Principe

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s.

The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and four failed, non-violent coup attempts in 1995, 1998, 2003, and 2009. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada, but in 2014, legislative elections returned him to the office.

President Evaristo Carvalho, of the same political party as Prime Minister Trovoada, was elected in September 2016, marking a rare instance in which the positions of president and prime minister are held by the same party. New oil discoveries in the Gulf of Guinea may attract increased attention to the small island nation.

 

Sao Tome & Principe Flag
Flag

Sao Tome & Principe Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
204,454 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 964 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Sao Tome

Internet Code:
.st

Airports:
2 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Sao Tome & Principe Locater
Locater

Sao Tome & Principe Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
Mission/Frame: ISS016-E-8381
Spacecraft Altitude: 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Features:
SAO TOME, AIRPORT, COAST, FOR.

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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