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Serbia

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Introduction:

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Communist Partisans resisted the Axis occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945 and fought nationalist opponents and collaborators as well. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence, followed by Bosnia in 1992.

The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in April 1992 and under Milosevic's leadership, Serbia led various military campaigns to unite ethnic Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." These actions ultimately failed and, after international intervention, led to the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995. Milosevic retained control over Serbia and eventually became president of the FRY in 1997.

In 1998, an ethnic Albanian insurgency in the formerly autonomous Serbian province of Kosovo provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo. The Milosevic government's rejection of a proposed international settlement led to NATO's bombing of Serbia in the spring of 1999. Serbian military and police forces withdrew from Kosovo in June 1999, and the UN Security Council authorized an interim UN administration and a NATO-led security force in Kosovo. FRY elections in late 2000 led to the ouster of Milosevic and the installation of democratic government.

In 2015, Serbia and Kosovo reached four additional agreements within the EU-led Brussels Dialogue framework. These included agreements on the Community of Serb-Majority Municipalities; telecommunications; energy production and distribution; and freedom of movement. President Aleksandar Vucic has promoted an ambitious goal of Serbia joining the EU by 2025. Under his leadership as prime minister, in January 2014 Serbia opened formal negotiations for accession. The EU’s Western Balkans Strategy, released in February 2018, outlines the steps that Serbia needs to take to complete the accession process in a 2025 perspective.

 

Serbia Flag
Flag

Serbia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
7,078,110 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 77,474 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Belgrade (Beograd)

Internet Code:
.rs

Airports:
26 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Serbia Locater
Locater

Serbia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SERBIA
Mission/Frame: ISS001-702-AA
Spacecraft Altitude: nautical miles (N/A)
Features: BELGRADE, DANUBE RIVER

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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