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Somalia

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Introduction:

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed Siad Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy.

In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in south-central Somalia) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored.

The creation of the TFG was based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. In 2009, the TFP amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011 and in 2011 Somali principals agreed to institute political transition by August 2012. The transition process ended in September 2012 when clan elders replaced the TFP by appointing 275 members to a new parliament who subsequently elected a new president.

 

Somalia Flag
Flag

Somalia Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
11,259,029 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 637,657 sq km

Government:
Federal Parliamentary Republic
Capital:
Mogadishu

Internet Code:
.so

Airports:
61 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Somalia Locater
Locater

Somalia Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SOMALIA
Mission/Frame: ISS027-E-9589
Spacecraft Altitude: 191 nautical miles (354 km)
Features:
MOGADISHU

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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