How Many Countries In The World?

World Globe

South Africa

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

South Africa is home to some of the world’s oldest human fossils, and during the modern era the region was settled by Khoisan and Bantu peoples. Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town.

After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (Afrikaners, called "Boers" (farmers) by the British) trekked north to found their own republics, Transvaal and Orange Free State. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.

The Afrikaners resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Second South African War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the Afrikaner-dominated National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority.

The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson Mandela, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule.

The first multi-racial elections in 1994 following the end of apartheid ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa has since struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. Jacob Zuma became president in 2009 and was reelected in 2014, but was forced to resign in February 2018 after numerous corruption scandals and gains by opposition parties in municipal elections in 2016. His successor, Cyril Ramaphosa, has pledged to crack down on corruption and shore up state-owned enterprises, and is the ANC’s likely candidate for May 2019 national elections.

 

South Africa Flag
Flag

South Africa Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
55,380,210 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Africa
Area:
total= 1,219,090 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital)

Internet Code:
.za

Airports:
566 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

South Africa Locater
Locater

South Africa Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SOUTH AFRICA
Mission/Frame: ISS005-E-14218
Spacecraft Altitude: 208 nautical miles (385 km)
Features:
PRETORIA, AND N SUBURBS, AG.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

Contact Us           About Us          Copyright 2018          SiteMap          Terms and Conditions