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Svalbard

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Introduction:

The archipelago may have been first discovered by Norse explorers in the 12th century; the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was internationally recognized by treaty in 1920, and five years later it officially took over the territory.

In the 20th century coal mining started and today a Norwegian and a Russian company are still functioning. Travel between the settlements is accomplished with snowmobiles, aircraft, and boats.

 

Svalbard Flag
Flag

Svalbard Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
2,583 (July 2017 est.)

Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 62,045 sq km

Government:
N/A (territory of Norway)
Capital:
Longyearbyen

Internet Code:
.sj

Airports:
4 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Svalbard Locater
Locater

Svalbard Map
Map

Astronaut Image
N/A

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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