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Switzerland

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Introduction:

The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499.

A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars.

The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

 

Switzerland Flag
Flag

Switzerland Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
8,292,809 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Europe
Area:
total= 41,277 sq km

Government:
structured Similar To A Federal Republic
Capital:
Bern

Internet Code:
.ch

Airports:
63 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Switzerland Locater
Locater

Switzerland Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
SWITZERLAND
Mission/Frame: ISS020-E-32077
Spacecraft Altitude: 186 nautical miles (344 km)
Features:
BERNE, AARE RIVER, AGR., FOREST, ROADS

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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