How Many Countries In The World?

World Globe

Timor-Leste

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island.

Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 people died.

In an August 1999 UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forced 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly all of the country's electrical grid were destroyed.

On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state.

 

Timor-Leste Flag
Flag

Timor-Leste Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
1,321,929 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total= 14,874 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Dili

Internet Code:
.tl

Airports:
6 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Timor-Leste Locater
Locater

Timor-Leste Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
TIMOR-LESTE
Mission/Frame: ISS028-E-25648
Spacecraft Altitude: 209 nautical miles (387 km)
Features:
DILI, TIMOR SEA, WETAR BASIN, SAVU BASIN

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

Contact Us           About Us          Copyright 2018          SiteMap          Terms and Conditions