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Tonga

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970.

Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific; in 2008, King George Tupou V announced he was relinquishing most of his powers leading up to parliamentary elections in 2010. Tupou died in 2012 and was succeeded by his brother 'Aho'eitu Tupou VI.

Tropical Cyclone Gita, the strongest-ever recorded storm to impact Tonga, hit the islands in February 2018 causing extensive damage.

 

Tonga Flag
Flag

Tonga Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
106,398 (July 2018 est.)

Map Reference:
Oceania
Area:
total= 747 sq km

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Nuku'alofa

Internet Code:
.to

Airports:
6 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Tonga Flag
Locater

Tonga Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
TONGA
Mission/Frame: STS027-36-93
Spacecraft Altitude: 242 nautical miles (448 km)
Features:
NUKU ALOFA

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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