How Many Countries In The World?

World Globe

Turkey

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z


Introduction:

Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa Kemal, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms.

After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democrat Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and military coups in 1960, 1971, 1980, which in each case eventually resulted in a return of formal political power to civilians.

In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. A coup attempt was made in July 2016 by a faction of the Turkish Armed Forces.

From 2015 and continuing through 2016, Turkey witnessed an uptick in terrorist violence, including major attacks in Ankara, Istanbul, and throughout the predominantly Kurdish southeastern region of Turkey. On 15 July 2016, elements of the Turkish Armed forces attempted a coup that ultimately failed following widespread popular resistance.

More than 240 people were killed and over 2,000 injured when Turkish citizens took to the streets en masse to confront the coup forces. In response, Turkish Government authorities arrested, suspended, or dismissed more than 100,000 security personnel, journalists, judges, academics, and civil servants due to their alleged connection with the attempted coup. The government accused followers of an Islamic transnational religious and social movement for allegedly instigating the failed coup and designates the followers as terrorists.

Following the failed coup, the Turkish Government instituted a State of Emergency from July 2016 to July 2018. The Turkish Government conducted a referendum on 16 April 2017 in which voters approved constitutional amendments changing Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. The amendments went into effect fully following the presidential and parliamentary elections in June 2018.

 

Turkey Flag
Flag

Turkey Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
81,257,239 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Middle East
Area:
total= 783,562 sq km

Government:
Republican Parliamentary Democracy
Capital:
Ankara

Internet Code:
.tr

Airports:
98 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Turkey Locater
Locater

Turkey Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
TURKEY
Mission/Frame: ISS019-E-6504
Spacecraft Altitude: 188 nautical miles (348 km)
Features:
W. ANKARA, AIRPORTS, HILLS

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

Contact Us           About Us          Copyright 2018          SiteMap          Terms and Conditions