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Yemen

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Introduction:

The Kingdom of Yemen (colloquially known as North Yemen) became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 and in 1962 became the Yemen Arab Republic. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became the People's Republic of Southern Yemen (colloquially known as South Yemen). Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation and changed the country's name to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.

The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to delineate their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and the Huthis, a Zaydi Shia Muslim minority, continued intermittently from 2004 to 2010. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2007.

In 2016, the UN brokered a months-long cessation of hostilities that reduced airstrikes and fighting, and initiated peace talks in Kuwait. However, the talks ended without agreement. The Huthis and Salih’s political party announced a Supreme Political Council in August 2016 and a National Salvation Government, including a prime minister and several dozen cabinet members, in November 2016, to govern in Sanaa and further challenge the legitimacy of Hadi’s government. However, amid rising tensions between the Huthis and Salih, sporadic clashes erupted in mid-2017, and escalated into open fighting that ended when Huthi forces killed Salih in early December 2017.

In 2018, anti-Huthi forces made the most battlefield progress in Yemen since early 2016, most notably in Al Hudaydah Governorate. As of December 2018, the Huthis and Yemeni Government were participating in the first UN-brokered peace talks since 2016..

 

Yemen Flag
Flag

Yemen Emblem
Emblem

Quick Facts

Population:
28,667,230 (July 2018 est.)
Map Reference:
Middle East
Area:
total: 527,968 sq km

Government:
Republic
Capital:
Sanaa

Internet Code:
.ye

Airports:
57 (2013)

Websites

Government
Wikipedia
Travel
Video
Webcam

Yemen Locater
Locater

Yemen Map
Map

Astronaut Image

Astronaut Image
YEMEN
Mission/Frame: ISS022-E-13482
Spacecraft Altitude: 181 nautical miles (335 km)
Features:
NW. SANA, URBAN AREAS, MTS., AGR.

 

 

 

 

 

   

Source: CIA The World Factbook

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